Ohio Fact Sheet

This information was compiled from data from the "Ohio Facts, 2008 Edition," and “Ohio Facts, 2010 Edition”, a publication of the Ohio Legislative Service Commission, (www.lsc.state.oh.us/), the Ohio Department of Health, (www.odh.ohio.gov), the State Health Facts website, (statehealthfacts.org), and the Center for Disease Control, (www.cdc.gov).



  • Ohio’s economy ranks 8th largest out of the 50 states, with a gross domestic product of $471.5 billion in 2008, but Ohio’s share of the U.S. economy (3.3%) has declined steadily since 1997 (when is was 4.0%) because Ohio’s economy has grown more slowly than the national economy (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s per capita income of $35,381 is ranked 33th in the nation and is nearly 10% below the U.S. average (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Between 1995 and 2009, Ohio lost approximately 408,000 manufacturing jobs, an average annual rate of 4.8% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s unemployment rate was 10.2% in 2009, compared to a national average of 9.3% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • A monthly average of 611,000 Ohioans were unemployed  in 2009, up from 303,100 in 2008 (Ohio Facts-2010).


Energy / Environment

  • Coal provided 36.1% of Ohio’s energy in 2008, compared to a national average of 22.5% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio was the 6th largest energy user among the 50 states in 2008 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • On a per capita basis, Ohioans rank 24th in the nation for energy use (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s public water system serves about 11.2 million people (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Between 2000 and 2008, Ohio farm acreage declined from 14.8 million acres to 13.9 million acres, a decrease of 6.1% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2008, Ohioans registered move the 11.7 million vehicles, including 8.1 million passenger cars (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s 74 state parks include over 174,000 acres of land. The number of visits to Ohio state parks increased by 6.1% in 2008, to 53.8 million visits (Ohio Facts-2010).



  • In 2010, 87.9% of Ohio school districts were rated in one of the top three categories (effective, excellent or excellent with distinction), up from 80.5% in 2006 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • One Ohio school district was given an “academic emergency” rating in 2010, the lowest category, and 9 continue to be rated as “academic watch”, the second lowest category (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s 26 academic standards include minimum proficiency rates on all 24 achievement tests as well as minimum graduation and student attendance rates.  In 2010, Ohio met 18 of the 26 standards (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio school districts are also rated on their students’ academic improvement compared to improvement standards set by the state. In 2010, 33.1% of schools exceeded these standards, 29.4% met these standards, and 37.5% fell below the established standards for student improvement (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2008, Ohio ranked 18th in the nation for per pupil operating expenditures ($10,173 per student). This is below the national average of $10,259 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • On average, in 2009, Ohio school districts spend 57% of their budget on salaries, 20% on fringe benefits, 16% on purchased services, 3% on supplies, materials, and textbooks, 2% on capital outlay and debt service, and 2% on other things (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Rural school districts tend to spend a higher percentage of their budgets on building operations because this includes student transportation costs (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Spending on Ohio school choice programs has increased from $19.7 million in 1999 to $762.6 million in 2010 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 60% of Ohio high school graduates went directly on to college in 2006, slightly below the national average of 61.6% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Between 2001 and 2011, in-state undergraduate tuition at four-year campuses increased by 78.3% (from $4,812 to $8,582). Tuition at two-year campuses increased by 59% over the same time period (from $2,282 to $3,629) (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 21.9% of Ohioans had at least a bachelor’s degree in 2008, compared to a national average of 25% (Ohio Facts-2010).


Health/Human Services

  • 75% of Ohio’s Medicaid caseload is low-income families, but this group accounts for only 25% of costs. The majority of Medicaid costs (75%) are spent caring for low-income elderly and disabled residents (25% of the caseload) (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 25% of 2009 Medicaid costs were related to nursing home costs (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 32% of Ohio households include at least one person under 18; 24.3% include at least one person over 65 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio ranks 13th out of the 50 states in obesity rates. Childhood obesity rates rank 12th out of 50 at 18.5% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 45% of state child welfare spending was for the 26,500 children enrolled in Ohio’s foster care program in 2007 (Ohio Facts-2008).
  • In 2006, 75% of 19 – 35-month old children in Ohio received the standard series of childhood vaccinations, 2% below the national average of 77% (Ohio Facts-2008).
  • In 2007, Ohio’s overall infant mortality rate of 7.7 (number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births) was higher than the national average of 6.9. Similar to national trends, the infant mortality rate for African American babies (14.8) was more than twice that for Caucasian babies (6.3) (Ohio Dept. of Health-2007).
  • In 2006, Ohio was below national average for women receiving prenatal care during the first trimester of their pregnancy (72.9% of Ohio women receive this care compared to 83.2% nationally). As in the rest of the country, African American and Hispanic women are significantly less likely to receive this care (58.6% and 60.3%, respectively) (Statehealthfacts.org).
  • In 2009, the percentage of low-birth weight babies (8.6%) and preterm births (12.3%) were both above the national averages of 8.2% and 12.2%, respectively (CDC-2009).
  • Ohio’s cumulative Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) surplus (federal money earmarked for assistance to Ohio low-income families but not spent ) was exhausted in 2009, down from $913 million in 2005 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Retail liquor sales in Ohio increased by 3.4% between 2009 and 2010 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Retail liquor sales have increased every year in Ohio since 2001, with an average annual increase of 5.9% (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2009, Ohio sheriffs issued 56,691 licenses to carry a concealed handgun (Ohio Facts-2010).



  • In 2008, Ohio’s crime rate was 3760 crimes per 100,000 residents. This reflects a sharp increase between 1988 -1991 (8%), followed by a slow decline. The crime rate of 2008 was 19% lower than in 1988 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s 2008 crime rate was 2.5% higher than the national average of 3,667 crimes per 100,000 residents (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2009, drug offense convictions were the most common, accounting for 27.8% of all convictions. Property offenses were second (24.4%) and crimes against persons (excluding sex offenses) were third (24%) Ohio Facts-2010).
  • 50.6% of drug convictions in 2009 were for drug possession (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2009, 6% of convictions in Ohio were for sex offenses including registration violations (581), rape (420), gross sexual imposition (280), unlawful sexual contact with a minor (253), and sexual battery (142) (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • Ohio’s prison population between 1990 – 1998 increased from 31,862 to 49,029. As of December 31, 2009, a total of 51,606 individuals were incarcerated in Ohio (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2009, Ohio had the 6th largest prison population in the nation (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • In 2010, Ohio’s adult prison system included 31 correctional institutions employing a total of 13,300 workers at a cost of $1.65 billion (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • The average cost per inmate per year in an Ohio prison is $25,368 (Ohio Facts-2010).
  • As of July, 2008, there are 182 death row inmates in Ohio prisons. A total of 26 prisoners have been executed in Ohio since 1999 (Ohio Facts-2008).
  • On average, 1216 youth were incarcerated in 9 Ohio juvenile corrections institutions in 2009 at an estimated cost of $300 per inmate per day (Ohio Facts-2010).

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